Registed Nurses' Association of Ontario

Health Education Fact Sheets

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Constipation is a frequent health concern for older adults and their care providers.
Fortunately, there are many ways to prevent constipation. Understanding the reasons for constipation is the first step. If you have chronic constipation, talk to your nurse, doctor or nutritionist.

Smoking cigarettes and other forms of tobacco is mentally and physically addictive. More than 45,000 Canadians over the age of 35 are estimated to die every year as a direct result of smoking. Tobacco use increases your risk of heart disease, cancer, lung disease, pregnancy complications, stomach problems and gum problems.

Many older adults are affected by delirium, dementia and/or depression.
These are different conditions and are not part of normal aging. However, it is hard to recognize the differences in the older adult because many of the symptoms and behaviours can occur together.

It is important to realize that you can seek help in recognizing the differences and find suggestions for care.

Many older adults have problems with shortness of breath.
If you are over the age of 40 and are a smoker you may be at risk for developing Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).

Smoking is the main cause of COPD, but breathing in second hand smoke, other chemicals and pollution may also put you at risk.

This fact sheet is geared toward the client and offers tips on how to prepare before visiting the health-care provider, what ask during the visit and before leaving.